Trump impeachment: What happens to impeached presidents?
President Donald Trump is the first president in history to be charged twice by the US House of Representatives - and remains one of only three to ever be charged.
Here's what happened to the others.
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What has he done?
In the shadow of the Civil War, President Andrew Johnson - a Democrat - has argued constantly with the Republican Congress over rebuilding the defeated US South.
The "radical republicans" of the era pushed for legislation to punish former Confederate leaders and protect the rights of freed slaves. Johnson used his presidential veto to block Republican efforts at every turn.
In March, Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act, which aims to restrict the president's ability to dismiss members of his cabinet without the approval of the Senate. Defiantly, Johnson suspended a cabinet member and political rival, Edwin Stanton, while Congress was on hiatus.
If today's process seems like a lot of political plays, it is in keeping with the tradition of impeachment: Stanton responded to his dismissal by locking himself in his office and refusing to leave.
Stanton's removal turned out to be the last straw - the House Republicans rushed to draft eleven impeachment proceedings.
After a partisan vote, the articles were submitted to the Senate, where he was acquitted, but only barely. It was a single vote less than the two-thirds majority required for a conviction.
What were the consequences?
According to some reports, Johnson wept at the news of his acquittal and vowed to work on restoring his reputation.
It did not work.
He served the remainder of his term as president, but his final months were torn by the same power struggles that skewed his pre-impeachment term.
And in 1869 the Democrats lost the White House to Republican candidate General Ulysses S. Grant, who let his party's plan for radical reconstruction continue.
What this means for Trump, Biden and America
Did Trump's words cause the riot at the rally?
What is his legacy?
To be accused.
And in 1867 bought Alaska for a cool $ 7.2 million.
Johnson was also one of the poorest presidents. He never went to school.
What has he done?
The near impeachment of Richard Nixon dates back to the break-in of the Democratic Party headquarters in the Watergate office complex in Washington DC in 1972.
When the investigation revealed that the burglars had been paid for with money from Nixon's re-election campaign, the Watergate scandal spread well beyond the break-in and involved senior White House officials.
For almost two years, Nixon tried to cover up his role in the conspiracy, which eventually led to his death.
The Republican President's efforts proved unsuccessful. In August 1974, while the House Judiciary Committee was preparing impeachment articles, Nixon was forced to publish Oval Office records in which the President ordered his staff to ask the CIA to ask the FBI to stop investigating the Watergate break-in.
This now infamous "Smoking Gun" tape marked the ultimate breakdown of Nixon's attempt at cover-up.
Nixon's secret testimony released
Tapes reveal Nixon in the middle of Watergate
On July 27, the House Judiciary Committee voted to pass three impeachment proceedings - obstruction of justice, abuse of power and contempt for Congress - and sent them to the House for a full vote.
The story goes on
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